The steep mountains and deep valleys of Elk and Cameron Counties make up “Elk Country,” where you can see Pennsylvania’s wild elk herd, now numbering nearly 1,000 majestic creatures. In spring, witness calves frolicking in wildflower-filled meadows. Elk spend summer days relaxing in the shade, giving visitors the best viewing opportunities at dawn and dusk. In autumn, you can experience bulls battling for breeding rights during “the rut.” When the snow flies, elk gather in impressive herds, which easily stand out against winter’s backdrop and make for spectacular photos and unforgettable memories.
Elk viewing is a very popular past-time in the Great Outdoors Region, especially in the fall! Visitors can easily see the majestic elk in areas of Elk and Cameron counties. Considered to be the heart of Pennsylvania’s Elk Country, the town of Benezette is located along State Route 555 in Elk County, where you will find Winslow Hill and two popular viewing areas. The Moore Hill area in Cameron County is also a favored viewing spot!
- Cruise the Elk Scenic Drive! A 127-mile route through the region, with distinctive signage. Twenty-three viewing sites along the Elk Scenic Drive have been established to provide safe and easy visitation. The sites provide parking alternatives to viewing elk and other wildlife along the area’s highway. Each site has been chosen because of its outstanding wildlife viewing potential and scenic beauty.
- Rent a cabin! There is no better way to enjoy the chilly weather than fireside! Why not make it in the heart of Elk Country? Imagine: a blanket of snow covering the ground, relaxing in a cozy cabin, roaring fire in the fireplace, and the sounds of elk echoing off the mountains!
- Horse-Drawn Wagon Rides! Enjoy a horse-drawn wagon ride around the Elk Country Visitor Center grounds for an exciting way to view the elk! (weather permitting – call ahead! Space fills up fast!)
- Elk Burgers! Experiencing a delicious elk burger is an attraction in itself! Many restaurants in the Benezette area offer this unique delicacy! Visit Benezette Hotel and Medix Hotel for a great homestyle meal and cold beverage! Stop by the Elk County Elk Farm just south of Ridgway for homemade elk jerky and snack sticks or a variety of elk steaks and more.
Pennsylvania Elk Herd – Habitat & History
Elk once freely roamed all over Pennsylvania but the rapid settlement and exploitation by early immigrants threatened the herds. By 1867 there were no more elk in Pennsylvania. Unregulated hunting and habitat loss were the biggest factors of their demise.
In 1913 the Pennsylvania Game Commission began reintroducing elk in Pennsylvania. The elk herd we know today originated from 177 elk that were trapped and transferred to northern areas of Pennsylvania.
The reintroduction of elk took place from 1913 through 1926. The releases in north-central Pennsylvania were successful and the herd now numbers more than 800.
Visitors can easily see the majestic elk in areas of Elk and Cameron counties. Considered to be the heart of Pennsylvania elk country, the town of Benezette is located along State Route 555 in Elk County. To reach the public viewing area, start at the Benezette Hotel and travel north along Winslow Hill road 3.5 miles. Follow the signs to the viewing area. Elk can also be seen along the roadways in the free-roaming herd range located in Elk and Cameron counties. The Moore Hill area in Cameron County is a favored viewing spot of local elk enthusiasts.
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Cow elk normally give birth to a single calf in late May or early June. The calves are speckled with spots to complete their natural camouflage. Twins are a rare occurrence and happen less than one percent of the time. Normal gestation period is approximately 8 ½ months. After a short amount of time the cows and their new calves rejoin their family units comprised of cows, their calves and immature yearlings. Most yearling bulls will only grow spike antlers.
The mature bull’s antlers are fully grown by August and they now spend much of their time thrashing trees and shrubs with their antlers. Normal antler growth is up to 6 tines per side. A “royal” bull is one with a total of 12 points. An “imperial” bull has 14 points. September and October mark the mating season for the elk. While the beginning of the rut may vary somewhat from year to year, the unmistakable invitation or bugle of a bull elk can be heard echoing throughout the range. Bugling can be heard primarily during the rut or mating season. It starts as a low bellow and continues as a squealing or whistle. This is followed by several grunts.
The elk form harems of 15 to 20 cows, which are controlled by a mature bull. The bull has earned his status to lead his harem by fighting off lesser bulls for the opportunity to breed with these cows. Lesser bulls often mate also, the large bull will contain the group and be the prime breeder. These harems remain together for the duration of the breeding season. Cow elk are receptive to breeding for only about an 18-hour period. If they are not bred successfully, they will have two or three breeding cycles at 21-day intervals.
The elk remain in large groups throughout the winter months. They must dig through the snow to find grass, twigs and buds. They will eat the bark off trees and drink from the streams to sustain for the winter. The bulls shed their antlers in the late winter to early spring.
Pennsylvania’s elk herd is through parts of Elk and Cameron counties.
Premiere elk viewing facility and conservation education with 4D theater, exhibits, gift shop and more. Operated by the Keystone Elk Country Alliance. Use 950 Winslow Hill Road, Benezette in your GPS.
A fun weekend August 18-19, 2018 at the Elk Country Visitor Center featuring calling contests, elk tag drawings, live music, artists, educational speakers, outdoor vendors, wagon rides, children's activities, food and calling contests.
Nearly 50,000 acres. Many winding turns along a beautiful mountain stream makes Wykoff Run Road a favorite for motorcyclists. Beaver Run Dam's pond and wetlands and Hoover Farm's fields are wildlife-viewing areas.
1,910 acres of steep valleys with beautiful scenery and outstanding wildlife habitat. Wildlife center, pontoon boat tours, wildlife watching, camping, hiking, biking, boating, fishing, snowmobiling, cross-country skiing, and hunting.
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